SMART goal method

The SMART goal method is a framework used to create well-defined and actionable goals. The acronym SMART stands for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. Each component of the SMART framework helps in setting clear objectives and increasing the likelihood of successful goal attainment and enhance productivity. Later, you can also make action plan to work on it.

Here’s a breakdown of each component of SMART goals and some strategies for creating effective action plans:


Clearly define your goal with specificity. The more specific you are, the easier it becomes to visualize and work towards it. Ask yourself the following questions:

  • What exactly do I want to accomplish?
  • Why is this goal important to me?
  • What are the specific details and parameters of the goal?

Example: Instead of setting a vague goal like “improve my fitness,” make it specific by saying “complete a 5k run within three months.”


Establish concrete criteria to measure progress and success. Having measurable elements helps you track your achievements and stay motivated. Ask yourself:

  • How will I know when I have achieved the goal?
  • What metrics or indicators can I use to measure my progress?

Example: If your goal is to lose wieght, make it measurable by specifying how much, such as “losing 1.5 kg per month for six months.”(depends on how much you wanna lose)



Set goals that are challenging yet attainable. Consider your resources, capabilities, and limitations. Setting unrealistic goals can lead to frustration and demotivation. Ask yourself:

  • Is this goal within my reach considering my current circumstances?
  • Do I have the necessary skills, knowledge, and resources to achieve this goal?

Example: If you’re a beginner in running, aiming to complete a marathon within a month might be unrealistic. Start with smaller milestones, like running a 5k or a 10k, and gradually build up to more significant distances.


Ensure that your goal aligns with your overall objectives and aspirations. It should be relevant to your long-term plans and values. Ask yourself:

  • Does this goal contribute to my personal or professional growth?
  • How does this goal align with my values and priorities?

Example: If you’re working towards a promotion at work, setting a goal to develop leadership skills or complete a relevant certification would be relevant to your career aspirations.


Set a specific timeframe or deadline for achieving your goal. This creates a sense of urgency and helps you stay focused. Ask yourself:

  • By when do I want to achieve this goal?
  • What are the milestones or checkpoints along the way?

Example: Instead of saying “I want to write a book someday,” set a time-bound goal by saying “I want to complete the first draft of my book within six months.”

creating action plan

Once you have set your SMART goals, it’s essential to create action plans to outline the steps you need to take to achieve them. Here are some strategies for creating effective action plans:

  1. Break it down: Divide your goal into smaller, manageable tasks or milestones. This makes it easier to track progress and provides a clear roadmap for achieving the overall goal.

  2. Prioritize: Determine the most important tasks or actions that will have the most significant impact on achieving your goal. Prioritize those tasks and allocate your time and resources accordingly.

  3. Set deadlines: Assign deadlines to each task or milestone within your action plan. This helps create a sense of urgency and keeps you accountable.

  4. Identify resources: Identify the resources, skills, or support you may need to accomplish each task. This could include materials, tools, information, or assistance from others.

  5. Track progress: Regularly review your action plan and track your progress. Make adjustments as needed and celebrate milestones along the way to stay motivated.

Remember, setting SMART goals and creating action plans is just the beginning. It requires consistent effort, adaptability, and perseverance to achieve your objectives. Regularly assess your progress, make adjustments when necessary, and stay committed to your action plan.